Culinary Herbs and Spices | Diet & Nutrition
List of Herbs and Spices with Official Name
Ditch the salt shaker, and make room for herbs and spices.
Through the ages people have been on the quest of adding spices to otherwise bland tasting foods. Some had to travel far—first by spice routes and later by sea. Even major cities were built to accommodate the brisk spice trade.
While it would be an awesome adventure to travel the old spice routes, today, all you have to do is go to your friendly neighborhood grocery store to buy your favorite spices.
Why Add Herbs and Spices to Food
There are a number of reasons why you should add herbs and spices to food.
- Herbs and spices enhance the dish you are preparing rather than overpowering it.
- They contribute rich flavor to food without adding any calories, fat, sugar or salt.
- Research is showing that spices contribute to health just as much as fruits and vegetables.
- Many herbs and spices provide anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-bacterial and anti-viral properties.
So let your taste buds guide you and add some spice to your life. When you first start out, add a pinch here and a pinch there until you have figured out how much to use.
List of Herbs and Spice
Here is a handy list of spices with their official names for easier cross-referencing with fresh and dried herbs and spices, as well as essential oils.
1. Allspice, ground (Pimenta dioica)
2. Anise seed (Pimpinella anisum)
3. Caraway seed, whole (Carum carvi)
4. Celery seed (Apium graveolens)
5. Chervil, dried (Anthriscus cerefolium)
6. Chili Pepper (Capsicum annuum)
7. Chili powder (blend of chili pepper, cumin, garlic, oregano, & salt )
8. Cinnamon, ground (Cinnamon verum, often called true Cinnamon)
9. Cinnamon, ground (Cinnamon Cassia, most common in US)
10. Cloves, ground (Syzygium aromaticum)
11. Coriander leaf, dried (Coraindrum Sativum, Cilantro)
12. Coriander seed (Coraindrum Sativum)
13. Cumin seed (Carum carvi)
14. Curry powder (blend of Coriander, fenugreek, turmeric, cumin, ginger, and mustard)
15. Dill seed (Anethum graveolens)
16. Dill weed, dried (Anethum graveolens)
17. Fennel seed (Foeniculum vulgare)
18. Fenugreek seed (Trigonella foenum graecum)
19. Garlic powder (Allium sativum)
20. Ginger, ground (Zingiber officinale)
21. Mace, ground (Myristica fragrans)
22. Marjoram, dried (Origanum majorana)
23. Nutmeg, ground (Myristica fragrans)
24. Onion powder (Allium cepa)
25. Paprika (Capsicum annuum)
26. Parsley, dried (Petroselinum crispum)
27. Pepper, black (Piper nigrum)
28. Pepper, red or cayenne (Capsicum annuum)
29. Pepper, white (Piper nigrum)
30. Poppy seed (Papaver somniferum)
31. Poultry seasoning (blend)
32. Rosemary, dried (Rosmarinus officinalis)
33. Saffron (Crocus sativus)
34. Sage, ground (Salvia officinalis)
35. Savory, ground (Satureja hortensis)
36. Szechuan Pepper (Zanthoxylum simulans)
37. Turmeric, ground (Hydrastis canadensis)
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List Source: USDA National Nutrient Data Base